Citations

 

Page 4

  1. Bedloe's island. (2014). In The Hutchinson unabridged encyclopedia with atlas and weather guide. Abington, United Kingdom: Helicon.
  2. National Park Service. Fort Wadsworth walking tour
  3. link to map
  4. Davy Jones' Locker. (2004). In M. Manser , M. Manser , & M. Manser (Eds.), Dictionary of eponyms. London, United Kingdom: Chambers Harrap.

Page 5

  1. link to map
  2. link to map
  3. Horse Latitudes. (2015). In The Columbia Encyclopedia. New York, NY: Columbia University Press. Web. 7 May 2015. 
  4. Callao. (2014). In The Hutchinson unabridged encyclopedia with atlas and weather guide. Abington, United Kingdom: Helicon. Web. 7 May 2015.
  5. link to map
  6. link to map
  7. Storm. (2012). In S. Dent , S. Dent , & S. Dent (Eds.), Brewer's dictionary of phrase and fable. London, United Kingdom: Chambers Harrap. Web. 7 May 2015.

Page 6

  1. Bonito. (2013). In S. Butler (Ed.), The Macquarie Dictionary. South Yarra, Australia: Macquarie Dictionary Publishers. Web. 7 May 2015.
  2. link to map
  3. link to map
  4. Barry, J.M. "On submarine earthquakes and volcanoes," in Dublin Quarterly Journal of Science. vol. 6 (1866), pp. 197-204. Web. 7 May 2015. link to map

Page 7

  1. Horsburgh, James. Directions for Sailing to and from the East Indies, China, New Holland, Cape of Good Hope, and the adjacent ports. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015. Web. 7 May 2015.
  2. link to map
  3. Fishbase
  4. link to map
  5. Proverbs 24

Page 8

  1. American Lloyd's Register of American and Foreign Shipping. New York: E. & G. W. Blunt, 1859-1866.
  2. "sinnet, n." OED Online. Oxford University Press, March 2015. Web. 20 April 2015.

Page 9

  1. Link to map
  2. "Barometer." Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com, n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015.
  3. "Schooner." Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com, n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015.
  4. "Rio Grande | Information About Rio Grande River." Rio Grande | Information About Rio Grande River. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015.
  5. "Cape Agulhas, Western Cape." CAPE AGULHAS, Western Cape. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015.

Page 10

  1. Masefield, John. "Mother Carey." Salt-water Ballads. New York: Macmillan, 1913. 48-49. Print.
  2. Coleridge, Samuel Taylor. "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner (text of 1834)." Poetry Foundation. Poetry Foundation, n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015.
  3. ibid. 
  4. "Bark [3]." Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press, n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015. 
  5. "Definition of Abeam in English:." Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press, n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015.
  6. "U.S. Navy Signal Flags." The US Navy. United States Navy, 17 Aug. 2009. Web. 30 Apr. 2015.  
  7. "Napoleonic Wars | European History." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015. 

Page 11

  1. "barometer, n." OED Online. Oxford University Press, March 2015. Web. 21 April 2015.
  2. Jernegan, Laura. Laura Jernagan: Girl on a Whaleship. October 1868. Print.
  3. "foreship, n." OED Online. Oxford University Press, March 2015. Web. 21 April 2015.
  4. "aft, adv. and adj." OED Online. Oxford University Press, March 2015. Web. 21 April 2015.
  5. "leeward, adj. (and n.) and adv." OED Online. Oxford University Press, March 2015. Web. 21 April 2015.

Page 12

  1. http://www.egs.edu/library/henry-ward-beecher/biography/
  2. http://www.hymnary.org/text/a_charge_to_keep_i_have
  3. "Gale." Merriam-Webster.com. Merriam-Webster, n.d. Web. 21 April 2015. 
  4. Jernegan, Laura. Laura Jernagan: Girl on a Whaleship. October 1868. Print.
  5. "Underpinning." Merriam-Webster.com. Merriam-Webster, n.d. Web. 21 April 2015. 
  6. "Scuppers." Merriam-Webster.com. Merriam-Webster, n.d. Web. 21 April 2015. 
  7. "Barked." Merriam-Webster.com. Merriam-Webster, n.d. Web. 21 April 2015. 
  8. "Halyard." Merriam-Webster.com. Merriam-Webster, n.d. Web. 21 April 2015.

Page 13

  1. "topmast." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. 2009. Encyclopedia.com. 30 Apr. 2015 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.  
  2. Maury, Matthew Fontaine. The Physical Geography of the Sea. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1855.
  3. poop.” Merriam-Webster.com. Merriam-Webster, n.d. Web. 21 April 2015. 
  4. "Earth sciences." Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc.
  5. Motley, John Lothrop. The Rise of the Dutch Republic. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1898. 
  6. Paasch, Heinrich. Illustrated Marine Encyclopedia. Antwerp: Paasch, 1890. Page 160. 
  7. Sou-wester.” Merriam-Webster.com. Merriam-Webster, n.d. Web. 21 April 2015. 

Page 14

  1. Glossary of Sea Terms. Yachting Inc: Germshom Bradford, 1927. Print. p.17
  2. Glossary of Sea Terms. Yachting Inc: Germshom Bradford, 1927. Print. p.68
  3. Glossary of Sea Terms. Yachting Inc: Germshom Bradford, 1927. Print. p. 176-177
  4. 2015, Web. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=46760251
  5. Nautical Almanac East Coast 2009. REED's Nautical Almanac, 2009 : Reed, Lajoux, 2009. Print
  6. 2015, Web. http://www.accessible-archives.com/collections/frank-leslies-weekly/#ixzz3XzOp3ncD
  7. South Indian Ocean Pilot: Islands Westward of Longitude 92 ̊east including Madagascar and the Comoro Islands. Washington: Hydrographic Office under the Authority of the Secretary of the Navy, 1927. Print.
  8. "Physiology." Merriam-Webster.com. Merriam-Webster, n.d. Web. 
  9. Glossary of Sea Terms. Yachting Inc: Germshorm Bradford, 1927. Print. p.68

Page 15

  1. "Yard-arm." Chambers 21st Century Dictionary. Eds. Mairi Robinson et al. London: Chambers Harrap, 2001.Credo Reference. Web. 16 Apr 2015.
  2. Link to map 
  3. "tête-à-tête, adv., n., and adj." OED Online. Oxford University Press, March 2015. Web. 16 April 2015.

Page 16

  1. "SS Great Eastern." Isambard Kingdom Brunel. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015. 
  2. "Matthew 6:26." Biblehub. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015. 
  3. "Austral." Oxford English Dictionary. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015. 

Page 18

  1. Link to map 
  2. "dead reckoning." OED Online. Oxford University Press, March 2015. Web. 21 April 2015. 
  3. Link to map
  4. Link to map 
  5. "land crab." OED Online. Oxford University Press, March 2015. Web. 21 April 2015. 

Page 19

  1. Link to map 
  2. Henderson, Graeme. Unfinished Voyages: Western Australian Shipwrecks 1622-1850, Volume 1. UWA Publishing, 2007.
  3. Norie, John Williams. A Complete Epitome of Practical Navigation and Nautical Astronomy. Norie and Wilson, 1900. Link to book 
  4. Link to map 
  5. Link to map 

Page 20

  1. Reynolds, J. N. Voyage of the United States Frigate Potomac, under the Command of Commodore John Downes, during the Circumnavigation of the Globe, in the Years 1831, 1832, 1833, and 1834 including a Particular Account of the Engagement at Quallah-Battoo, on the Coast of Sumatra : With All the Official Documents Relating to the Same. New-York: Harper & Bros., 1835. Print.
  2. ibid.
  3. ibid.
  4. ibid.
  5. "Krakatoa." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2015. Web. 21 Apr. 2015
  6. "brig, n." OED Online. Oxford University Press, March 2015. Web. 21 April 2015.

Page 21

  1. "Príncipe Island." Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2015. Web. 02 Apr. 2015. 
  2. textual reference. 
  3. "steeple hat." Merriam-Webster.com. Merriam-Webster, n.d. 
  4. "studding sail." Merriam-Webster.com. Merriam-Webster, n.d. 
  5. Link to map 
  6. Link to map 
  7. http://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/rawdaq/kentucky/0?searchId=33f248f3-e48f-11e4-94ee-12c1d36507ee&result=0

Page 22

  1. "bark." Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2015. Web. 21 Apr. 2015. 

Page 23

  1. Horsburgh, James. "Passage Between India and the Strait of Sunda, and the Straits East of Java." The India Directory: Or, Directions for Sailing to and from the East Indies, China, Australia, and the Interjacent Ports of Africa and South America. London: W.H. Allen, 1855. 142. Print. Link to map 
  2. "kedge." OED Online. Oxford University Press, March 2015. Web. 30 Apr. 2015.  
  3. Link to map 
  4. Walker, Clive, and Anton Walker. The Rhino Keepers. Johannesburg: Jacana Media, 2012. Print. Link to map
  5. Hallett, William. "Ships and Port." Newburyport and the Civil War. Charleston, SC: History, 2012. 40-41. Print.

Page 24

  1. Poe, Edgar Allen. "The Bells." Poets.org. Academy of American Poets, n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015. 

Page 25

  1. "slicked up." WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. 2003-2008. Princeton University, Clipart.com, Farlex Inc. 
  2. "Gangway." Merriam-Webster.com. Merriam-Webster, n.d. Web. 
  3. "in clover." The American Heritage Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer. 2003, 1997. The Christine Ammer 1992 Trust.

Page 26

  1. http://www.thefreedictionary.com/jaggery
  2. http://www.thefreedictionary.com/prao
  3. London Morning Post, online
  4. ibid.
  5. http://www.history.com/topics/american-civil-war/trent-affair
  6. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b5963383j

Page 29

  1. Bonney, Catharina V.R. A Legacy of Historical Gleanings. Vol 2. 1875. Page 262. 
  2. "banyan." Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2015. Web.  <http://academic.eb.com/EBchecked/topic/52268/banyan>.
  3. “Malay." Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2015. Web.  <http://academic.eb.com/EBchecked/topic/359662/Malay>.

Page 30

  1. "New York Herald." Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2015. Web. <http://academic.eb.com/EBchecked/topic/412447/New-York-Herald>
  2. The Catholic Study Bible. Oxford University Press, 2011. pgs 424-425. 

Page 31

  1. ”Chamber's Journal, Volume 27. The Story of an Engaged Young Person." High Street Edinburgh: Chambers, William, 1857. Print. 

Page 32

  1. 2015, Web http://www.boat-links.com/proafaq.html

Page 33

  1. "watch, n." OED Online. Oxford University Press, March 2015. Web. 16 April 2015.
  2. "Batavia, n." OED Online. Oxford University Press, March 2015. Web. 16 April 2015.
  3. "Fathom." The Macquarie Dictionary. Ed. Susan Butler. South Yarra: Macquarie Dictionary Publishers, 2013.Credo Reference. Web. 17 Apr 2015.
  4. Link to map 
  5. Link to map 
  6. Wikipedia contributors. "Gaspar Strait." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 9 Apr. 2015. Web. 17 Apr. 2015.
  7. Wikipedia contributors. "Gaspar Strait." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 9 Apr. 2015. Web. 17 Apr. 2015.

Page 34

  1. "Tack 1." Chambers 21st Century Dictionary. Eds. Mairi Robinson et al. London: Chambers Harrap, 2001. Credo Reference. Web. 17 Apr 2015.
  2. Link to map 

Page 35

  1. "Squall." Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com, n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015.
  2. Link to map

Page 36

  1. "Borneo, Island of the Clouds." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015.
  2. "Clipper." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 19 Apr. 2015. Web. 30 Apr. 2015.
  3. "Chronometer." Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com, n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015.

Page 37

  1. Findlay, Alexander G. A Directory for the Navigation of the Indian Archipelago, China, and Japan: From the Straits of Malacca and Sunda, and the Passages East of Java to Canton, Shanghai, the Yellow Sea, and Japan, with Descriptions of the Winds, Monsoons, and Currents, and General Instructions for the Various Channels, Harbours, Etc. London: R.H. Laurie, 1878. Print. p. 311
  2. ibid. p. 580
  3. ibid. p. 611
  4. ibid. p. 610
  5. South Indian Ocean Pilot: Islands Westward of Longitude 92 ̊east including Madagascar and the Comoro Islands. Washington: Hydrographic Office under the Authority of the Secretary of the Navy, 1927. Print.
  6. Findlay, Alexander G. A Directory for the Navigation of the North Pacific Ocean with Descriptions of Its Coasts, Islands, Etc., from Panama to Behring Strait and Japan: Its Winds, Currents and Passages. London: R.H. Laurie, 1886. Print. p. 793.

Page 38

  1. "sampan, n.1." OED Online. Oxford University Press, March 2015. Web. 17 April 2015.
  2. "Hong Kong & Macau - Consulate General of the United States." History. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Oct. 2015 and Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania." N.p., 29 Jan. 1999. Web. 27 Oct. 2015. 
  3. "The Development of the Hong Kong Road Network 1841 to 1940 – HK Island, Kowloon and NT." The Industrial History of Hong Kong Group. N.p., 1 May 2015. Web. 27 Oct. 2015. For an early photo, see wikimedia here or here.
  4. Lenfestey, Thompson, and Tom Lenfestey. The Facts on File Dictionary of Nautical Terms. New York: Facts on File, 1994. Print.
  5. Russell & Co. records at Harvard University; Downs, Jacques M., The Golden Ghetto: The American Commerical Community at Canton and the Shaping of American China Policy, 1784-1844. Hong Kong: HKU Press, 2014, pp. 367-368; "Russell Sturgis" in Captains of Boston.
  6. "Franklin D. Roosevelt's Family History in the Hudson Valley"
  7. May, Hilary. "Expanding Horizons: Long Islanders Involved in the East Asian Trade, 1850-1890." Long Island History Journal 23.1 (2012): 1-20. LIHJ. Center for Global & Local History. Web. 
  8. "comprador, n." OED Online. Oxford University Press, March 2015. Web. 17 April 2015.
  9. Inghan, Michael. “The Chinese Quarter--From Tai Ping Shan to Sai Ying Pun.” Hong Kong: A Cultural History. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007. Location of Sai Ying Pun on a map. Location of Tai Ping Shan on a map. 
  10. "Do You Know the Early History of Victoria Prison?" Victoria Prison. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Oct. 2015. Victoria Prison Compound, Old Bailey Street, Central.” Antiquities and Monuments Office. GovHK, 2004. Web. 28 October 2015. Photos of abandoned Victoria prison. 1995 Map of Victoria Prison compound after declared monuments. Location of Victoria Prison on a map.
  11. "tiffin, n." OED Online. Oxford University Press, March 2015. Web. 17 April 2015.

Page 39

  1. "tug, n.1." OED Online. Oxford University Press, March 2015. Web. 21 April 2015.
  2. “Russell & Company. Russell & Co. Records, 1820-1891: A Finding Aid.” Harvard Business School. Boston, MA. April 2011. 4/21/2015. Web.
  3. Cohen, Saul B. The Columbia Gazetteer of the World. Second Edition ed. Vol. 1. New York: Columbia UP, 2008. 1455-1456. Print.
  4. "Romish, adj. and n." OED Online. Oxford University Press, March 2015. Web. 21 April 2015.

Page 40

  1. “The China Directory For…” A Shortrede and Company. 1863. Print.
  2. Cohen, Saul B. The Columbia Gazetteer of the World. Second Edition ed. Vol. 1. New York: Columbia UP, 2008. 1455-1456. Print.
  3. Perkins, Dorothy. Encyclopedia of China: History and Culture. Routledge. November 2013. Print.
  4. Ken Nicolson. The Happy Valley: A History and Tour of the Hong Kong Cemetery. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, HKU, 2010. Project MUSE. Web. 21 Apr. 2015.
  5. Panciera, Benjamin; Parmer, Rebecca; and Johnson, Carolyn, "Fall Newsletter 2014" (2014). Friends of the Connecticut College Library. Newsletter. Paper 32.

Page 41

  1. Stokes, Stephanie. "Camphor Trunks Have Chinese Ancestry." NOLA.com. The Times-Picayune, 8 Dec. 2008. Web. 30 Apr. 2015. 
  2. "CHINA." The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) 12 Jul 1862: 7. Web. 1 May 2015 
  3. Lavery, Brian. The Ship of the Line. London: Conway Maritime, 2003. Print.
  4. "Obituary of Robert Forbes," New York Times, November 24, 1889; Forbes, Robert Bennet. Remarks on China and the China Trade. Boston: S. Dickinson, 1844.

Page 42

  1. "'Lucile' by Owen Meredith." The Lucile Project. University of Iowa, n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015. 
  2. The Directory & Chronicle for China, Japan, Corea, Indo-China, Straits Settlements, Malay States, Siam, Netherlands India, Borneo, the Philippines, &c. Hongkong: Hongkong Daily Press Office, 1894; Dennys, N.B., William Frederick Mayers, and Charles King. The Treaty Ports of China and Japan. London: Trübner and Co., 1867.
  3. "Coolie." OED Online. Oxford English Dictionary, n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015. 
  4. “Report of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Relations,” Rochester, NY. 1863. 
  5. Congregational Life Exhibits Online: “Of Faith and Courage: The History of the ABCFM”; Latourette, Kenneth S., The History of Early Relations between the United States and China 1784-1844. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press; “Report of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Relations,” Springfield, MA. 1862. 
  6. Dennys, N.B., William Frederick Mayers, and Charles King. The Treaty Ports of China and Japan. London: Trübner and Co., 1867.

Page 43

  1. "pagoda." OED Online. Oxford University Press, March 2015. Web. 21 April 2015.  
  2. Ferguson, Andy. Tracking Bodhidharma a journey to the heart of chinese culture. Berkeley, CA: Counterpoint Press, 2012. Link to book 
  3. Chinese Recorder and Missionary Journal. Vol. 7. Shanghai: American Presbyterian Press, 1876. 183-200. Web. 26 Apr. 2015. 
  4. “Report of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Relations,” Rochester, NY. 1863. 
  5. Chinese Recorder and Missionary Journal. Vol. 7. Shanghai: American Presbyterian Press, 1876. 183-200. Web. 26 Apr. 2015. 

Page 44

  1. De Quincey, Thomas. "Reminiscences of Coleridge." Vol. II. The Collected Writings of Thomas De Quincey. Ed. David Maddon. London, Soho Square: A. & C. Black, 1896. 138-228. Link to book 

Page 45

  1. United Presbyterian Church of North America. General Assembly. Minutes of the General Assembly of the United Presbyterian Church of North America, Volumes 25-28. Board of Publication, 1883.
  2. “Report of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Relations,” Rochester, NY. 1863. 
  3. ibid.
  4. ibid.
  5. "melodeon, n.1." OED Online. Oxford University Press, March 2015. Web. 18 April 2015.
  6. “Report of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Relations,” Rochester, NY. 1863. 
  7. http://www.hymnary.org/tune/ortonville_hasting

Page 46

  1. "dragon boat, n." OED Online. Oxford University Press, March 2015. Web. 17 April 2015.
  2. "Obituary of Robert Forbes," New York Times, November 24, 1889; Forbes, Robert Bennet. Remarks on China and the China Trade. Boston: S. Dickinson, 1844.
  3. Perkins, Dorothy. Encyclopedia of China: History and Culture. Routledge, 2013. Print. 
  4. Marshall, John. Royal Naval Biography. Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green, 1830. Link to book 
  5. d' Orléans, Pierre Joseph, Nikolas Witsen, Pereia. History of Two Tartar Conquerors of China. Link to book 

Page 47

  1. Wreck Report for 'White Cloud', 1899. Southampton City Council, 1 Jan. 2002. Web. 17 Apr. 2015. 

Page 48

  1. Through Mighty Seas; Merchant Sailing Ships of the NW of England. 3 Mar. 2000. Web. 10 Apr. 2015.

Page 49

  1. Link to map
  2. Link to map
  3. Russell & Co. records at Harvard University.
  4. Link to map

Page 50

  1. Manila. Merriam-Webster's Geographical Dictionary. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster. Retrieved from http://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/mwgeog/manila/0
  2. Cabriolet. (2011). The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin. Retrieved from http://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/hmdictenglang/cabriolet/0

Page 51

  1. "Passig River." Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2015. Web. 21 Apr. 2015. 

Page 52

  1. Con Son.” Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2015. Web. 21 Apr. 2015. 

Page 53

  1. link to map
  2. Huddart, Joseph. The Oriental Navigator, Or, New Directions for Sailing to and from the East. London: Laurie and Whitting, 1801. p. 337. link to map
  3. William Loney RN. Background. Accessed 6 May 2015.
  4. link to map
  5. link to map

Page 54

  1. Mizzen. (2013). In S. Butler (Ed.), The Macquarie Dictionary. South Yarra, Australia: Macquarie Dictionary Publishers. Web. 6 May 2015.
  2. Bend on. in SeaTalk Nautical Dictionary. Web. 6 May 2015.
  3. Thanksgiving Day. (2015). In The Columbia Encyclopedia. New York, NY: Columbia University Press. Web. 6 May 2015.
  4. Port Elizabeth. (2015). In The Columbia Encyclopedia. New York, NY: Columbia University Press. Web. 6 May 2015. link to map
  5. About-Ship. (2014).In Collins English Dictionary. London, United Kingdom: Collins. Web. 6 May 2015.

Page 55

  1. Euripedes. Hippolytus, trans. E.P. Coleridge. Web. http://classics.mit.edu/Euripides/hippolytus.html.
  2. Tennyson, Alfred, Lord, "Maud."

Page 56

  1. Ascension, Island. (2015). In The Columbia Encyclopedia. New York, NY: Columbia University Press. 
  2. "George Brinton McClellan." Dictionary of American Biography. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1936.Biography in Context.
  3. Bread glossary. (2009). In The deluxe food lover's companion. Hauppauge, NY: Barron's Educational Series.  
  4. "Fredericksburg, Battle of." The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of The Civil War. Patricia D. Netzley. Ed. Kenneth W. Osborne. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2004. 136-137. U.S. History in Context.
  5. "privateer." Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2015. Web. 01 May. 2015.
  6. Link to map
  7. Link to map
  8. "Saint George’s Channel." Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2015. Web. 01 May. 2015.
  9. http://www.englishverse.com/poems/maud

Page 57

  1. Modern references refer to the site of the Lusitania wreck as Kinsale Old Head. Some 19th century references use the place name Kinsale Point, (Stowe, Harriet Beecher. Sunny memories of foreign lands. Boston: Phillips, Sampson, and Co., 1854, p. 15). For Kinsale’s history and lighthouse, see Kinsale. (2005). In J. Ayto et al. (Eds.), Brewer's Britain and Ireland. London, United Kingdom: Chambers Harrap. 
  2. Link to map
  3. Link to map
  4. Greaney, Martin. Liverpool: a landscape history. Stroud, Gloucestershire: The History Press, 2013. pages not numbered.
  5. Cóbh. (2015). In The Columbia Encyclopedia. New York, NY: Columbia University Press. 
  6. Link to map
  7. TheShipsList. viewed 4/30/2015.
  8. Battery, the. (2015). In The Columbia Encyclopedia. New York, NY: Columbia University Press. 
  9. Link to map

Page 62

  1. He, Sibing. "Russell and Company in Shanghai, 1843-1891: U.S. Trade and Diplomacy in Treaty Port China," Paper presented to “A Tale of Ten Cities: Sino-American Exchange in the Treaty Port Era, 1840- 1950—An Interdisciplinary Colloquium,” Hong Kong University, 23-24 May 2011. 

Page 63

  1. Dennys, N.B., William Frederick Mayers, and Charles King. The Treaty Ports of China and Japan. London: Trübner and Co., 1867.
  2. Russell & Co. records at Harvard University.
  3. Baring Brothers Archives